Xenophora_AAnker2015, 107K
What creature is this (Phylum, Class)?
(see more stunning photos by Arthur Anker)

(End of term marks, Final Lecture Exam location,
Summer courses at marine stations, Other U of A invertebrates courses)


Teaching Assistants:

  • Living Invertebrates, 1987
    Pearse, Pearse, Buchsbaum and Buchsbaum;
    Blackwell, Boston, MA; ISBN 0-86542-312-1
    (recommended readings from the text)

  • Zool 250 Laboratory Guide & Lecture Handouts 2015
    A.R. Palmer & R. Koss

Annotated Bibliography:
Lecture & Laboratory Study Materials:

  • View the entire classification of animals (to subclass) as in the course text or check out the classification of particular groups at ZooBank, or the Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

    ProtoDeutero.jpg, 13K     Browse the Tree of Life of animal phyla as followed in Zool 250 and review key characters defining major branches.

  • Having trouble remembering some of the material you saw in lab? Maybe the study images of prepared slides and dissections will help.

  • Still mulling over key concepts or processes discussed in lecture? Some entertaining and informative animations are available for review or self test.

  • Self-testing exams may help you prepare for lecture and laboratory exams.

  • Curious about the meaning of scientific names of animals or body parts? Search the table of Greek & Latin roots for clues.

Old Lecture Outlines & Notes:


(see also textbook reading assignments and cladogram of animal phyla)

sponge.jpg, 13K
Mon 5  Introduction: Why study invertebrates? (course preliminaries, outline)
Wed 7  Diversity, phylogeny, classification (outline)
      (Metazoa cladogram)
Fri 9  Key characters defining the Tree of Life (outline)
Mon 12  Kingdom Protista (outline 1, outline 2)
      (Protista cladogram, study images, Choanoflagellate animation,
      huge collection of images, great collection of video clips)
Wed 14  Origin of Metazoa; Porifera (I): Introduction (outline)
medusa.jpg, 23K
Fri 16  Porifera (II): Function and diversity (outline); Placozoa (outline)
      (Porifera cladogram, study images, animation)
Mon 19  Cnidaria (I): Introduction, tissues, cell types (outline)
Wed 21  Cnidaria (II): Diversity- Hydrozoa, Scyphozoa (outline)
      (Cnidaria cladogram & study images; Life cycle animations: Hydrozoa, Scyphozoa)
Fri 23  Cnidaria (III): Diversity- Anthozoa (outline); Ctenophora (outline)
      (Ctenophora cladogram & study images)
Mon 26  Bilateria: General characteristics (outline)
      (Excretory systems animation; some amusing perspectives on symmetry)
Wed 28  Protostomia and Deuterostomia (outline)
      (Metazoa cladogram)
Fri 30  Platyhelminthes (I): Introduction, Turbellaria (outline + links)
      (Platyhelminthes cladogram & study images)

polyclad.jpg, 4K
Mon 2  Platyhelminthes (II): Parasitic taxa (outline), Nemertea (outline)
      (Platyhelminthes cladogram & study images)
Wed 4  Aschelminthes (I): Overview (outline)
      (Aschelminthes cladogram & study images)
Fri 6  Aschelminthes (II): Diversity- Nematoda, Rotifera (outline), Other phyla (outline)
      (Aschelminthes study images)
Mon 9  Mollusca (I): Introduction & overview (outline)
      (Mollusca cladogram)
murex.jpg, 50K
Wed 11  Mollusca (II): Diversity- Minor classes (outline)
      (mollusc diversity study images)
      (view sample questions here)
Mon 23  Mollusca (III): Diversity- Gastropoda (outline)
      (Gastropoda study images)
      (Read Garstang's memorable poem: How the gastropod got it's twist)
cuttlefish.jpg, 25K
Wed 25  Mollusca (IV): Diversity- Bivalvia, Scaphopoda (outline)
      (Bivalvia study images; Particle feeding animations: filibranch, eulamellibranch )
Fri 27  Mollusca (V): Diversity- Cephalopoda (outline)
     (Cephalopoda study images; Squid swimming animation)
 Sipuncula (outline)
      (Sipuncula cladogram & study image)

worm.jpg, 9K
Mon 2  Metamerism; Annelida (I)- Polychaeta (outline)
      (Annelida cladogram & study images; Polychaete locomotion animation)
      (Try out the Rhyming key to polychaete families)
Wed 4  Annelida (II): Oligochaeta (outline)
      (Annelida cladogram & study images; Earthworm locomotion animation)
Fri 6  Annelida (III): Hirudinea (outline)
Mon 9  More Worms: Echiura, Pogonophora (outline)
      (Echiura & Pogonophora cladogram & study images)
Peripatus.jpg, 19K
Wed 11  Arthropod (I): Origins, Onychophora, Tardigrada (outline)
      (Onychophora cladogram & study image)
Fri 13  Arthropoda (II): Overview, exoskeleton and molting (outline)
      (Arthropoda cladogram)
Mon 16  Arthropoda (III): Limbs and muscles (outline)
      (Claw + limb animation)
crab.jpg, 5K
Wed 18  Arthropoda (IV): Eyes, respiration and coeloms (outline)
Fri 20  Arthropoda (V): Diversity, Introduction and Crustacea (outline, outline)
      (Crustacea cladogram & study images)
Mon 23  Arthropod (VI): Other subphyla (outline)
      (Arthropoda & Pterygota cladograms, other arthropod study images)
Wed 25  Arthropod (VI): Other subphyla (cont.) (outline)
      (Arthropoda & Pterygota cladograms, other arthropod study images)
Fri 27  Deuterostomia; Echinodermata (I): Overview, body plans (outline)
      (Echinoderm cladogram & study images)
Mon 30  Echinodermata (II): Skeleton, water-vascular system (outline)
      (Echinoderm cladogram & study images)

CukeStar.jpg, 12K
Wed 1  Echinodermata (III): Feeding, locomotion, development (outline)
      (Echinoderm cladogram & study images; Urchin feeding animation)
Fri 3  No Class (Good Friday)
Mon 6  No Class (Easter Monday)
Wed 8  Lophophorates, Hemichordates (outline)
      (Deuterostome cladogram, study images)
 Invertebrate chordates (outline)
      (Chordate cladogram & study images; Sea squirt feeding animation)
Fri 10  Retrospective: The Tree of Life (outline)
enteropneust.jpg, 4K
        (0900, location TBA)
       (0900, BioSciences Z211)


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