Alpheus-AAnker2012, 166K
What creature is this with protective covers over its eyes?
(see more stunning photos by A. Anker)


Teaching Assistants:

  • Living Invertebrates, 1987
    Pearse, Pearse, Buchsbaum and Buchsbaum;
    Blackwell, Boston, MA; ISBN 0-86542-312-1
    (recommended readings from the text)

  • Zool 250 Laboratory Guide & Lecture Handouts 2012
    A.R. Palmer & R. Koss

Annotated Bibliography:
Lecture & Laboratory Study Materials:

  • View the entire classification of animals (to subclass) as in the course text or check out the classification of particular groups at ZooBank, or the Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

    ProtoDeutero.jpg, 13K     Browse the Tree of Life of animal phyla as followed in Zool 250 and review key characters defining major branches.

  • Having trouble remembering some of the material you saw in lab? Maybe the study images of prepared slides and dissections will help.

  • Still mulling over key concepts or processes discussed in lecture? Some entertaining and informative animations are available for review or self test.

  • Self-testing exams may help you prepare for lecture and laboratory exams.

  • Curious about the meaning of scientific names of animals or body parts? Search the table of Greek & Latin roots for clues.


(see also textbook reading assignments and cladogram of animal phyla)

sponge.jpg, 13K
Mon 9  Introduction: Why study invertebrates? (course preliminaries, outline)
Wed 11  Diversity, phylogeny, classification (outline)
      (Metazoa cladogram)
Fri 13  Key characters defining the Tree of Life (outline)
Mon 16  Kingdom Protista (outline 1, outline 2)
      (Protista cladogram, study images, huge collection of images, great collection of video clips)
Wed 18  Origin of Metazoa; Porifera (I): Introduction (outline)
medusa.jpg, 23K
Fri 20  Porifera (II): Function and diversity (outline); Placozoa (outline)
      (Porifera cladogram & study images)
Mon 23  Cnidaria (I): Introduction, tissues, cell types (outline)
Wed 25  Cnidaria (II): Diversity- Hydrozoa, Scyphozoa (outline)
      (Cnidaria cladogram & study images)
Fri 27  Cnidaria (III): Diversity- Anthozoa (outline); Ctenophora (outline)
      (Ctenophora cladogram & study images)
Mon 30  Bilateria: General characteristics (outline)
      (some amusing perspectives on symmetry)

polyclad.jpg, 4K
Wed 1  Protostomia and Deuterostomia (outline)
      (Metazoa cladogram)
Fri 3  Platyhelminthes (I): Introduction, Turbellaria (outline + links)
      (Platyhelminthes cladogram & study images)
Mon 6  Platyhelminthes (II): Parasitic taxa (outline), Nemertea (outline)
      (Platyhelminthes cladogram & study images)
Wed 8  Aschelminthes (I): Overview and minor phyla (outline)
      (Aschelminthes cladogram & study images)
Fri 10  Aschelminthes (II): Diversity- Nematoda, Rotifera (outline)
      (Aschelminthes study images)
murex.jpg, 50K
Mon 13  Mollusca (I): Introduction & overview (outline)
      (Mollusca cladogram)
Wed 15  Mollusca (II): Diversity- Minor classes (outline)
      (mollusc diversity study images)
Fri 17  Mollusca (III): Diversity- Gastropoda (outline)
      (Gastropoda study images)
      (Read Garstang's memorable poem: How the gastropod got it's twist)
Mon 27  Mollusca (IV): Diversity- Bivalvia, Scaphopoda (outline)
      (Bivalvia study images)
      (view sample questions here)

worm.jpg, 9K
Fri 2  Mollusca (V): Diversity- Cephalopoda (outline)
     (Cephalopoda study images)
 Sipuncula (outline)
      (Sipuncula cladogram & study image)
Mon 5  Metamerism; Annelida (I)- Polychaeta (outline)
      (Annelida cladogram & study images)
      (Try out the Rhyming key to polychaete families)
Wed 7  Annelida (II): Oligochaeta (outline)
Fri 9  Annelida (III): Hirudinea (outline)
Peripatus.jpg, 19K
Mon 12  More Worms: Echiura, Pogonophora (outline)
      (Echiura & Pogonophora cladogram & study images)
Wed 14  Arthropod (I): Origins, Onychophora, Tardigrada (outline)
      (Onychophora cladogram & study image)
Fri 16  Arthropoda (II): Overview, exoskeleton and molting (outline)
      (Arthropoda cladogram)
Mon 19  Arthropoda (III): Limbs and muscles (outline)
crab.jpg, 5K
Wed 21  Arthropoda (IV): Eyes, respiration and coeloms (outline)
Fri 23  Arthropoda (V): Diversity, Introduction and Crustacea (outline, outline)
      (Crustacea cladogram & study images)
Mon 26  Arthropod (VI): Other subphyla (outline)
      (Arthropoda & Pterygota cladograms, other arthropod study images)
Wed 28  Arthropod (VI): Other subphyla (cont.) (outline)
      (Arthropoda & Pterygota cladograms, other arthropod study images)
Fri 30  Deuterostomia; Echinodermata (I): Overview, body plans (outline)
      (Echinoderm cladogram & study images)

CukeStar.jpg, 12K
Mon 2  Echinodermata (II): Skeleton, water-vascular system (outline)
      (Echinoderm cladogram & study images)
Wed 4  Echinodermata (III): Feeding, locomotion, development (outline)
      (Echinoderm cladogram & study images)
Fri 6  No Class (Good Friday)
Mon 9  No Class (Easter Monday)
Wed 11  Lophophorates, Hemichordates (outline)
      (Deuterostome cladogram, lophophorate & hemichordate study images)
enteropneust.jpg, 4K
Fri 13  Invertebrate chordates (outline), (Chordate cladogram & study image)
 Retrospective: The Tree of Life (outline)

        (0900, Education Gym, Rows 1, 3, 5, 7)
       (0900, BioSciences Z211)

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Copyright (c) 1997-2012 by A. Richard Palmer. All rights reserved.
(revised Apr. 20, 2012)