BurgessFauna.jpg, 100K
(A reconstruction of subtidal invertebrates from the Burgess Shale at the
Royal Tyrrell Museum)


Teaching Assistants:

  • Living Invertebrates, 1987
    Pearse, Pearse, Buchsbaum and Buchsbaum;
    Blackwell, Boston, MA; ISBN 0-86542-312-1
    (recommended readings from the text)

  • Zool 250 Laboratory Guide & Lecture Handouts 2005
    A.R. Palmer & R. Koss

Annotated Bibliography:
Lecture & Laboratory Study Materials:

  • View the entire classification of animals (to subclass) as in the course text or check out the classification of particular groups at GenBank or the Integrated Taxonomic Information Server.

  • ProtoDeutero.jpg, 13K     Browse the Tree of Life of animal phyla as followed in Zool 250 and review key characters defining major branches.

  • Having trouble remembering some of the material you saw in lab? Maybe the study images of prepared slides and dissections will help.

  • Still mulling over key concepts or processes discussed in lecture? Some entertaining and informative animations are available for review or self test.

  • Self-testing exams may help you prepare for lecture and laboratory exams.

  • Curious about the meaning of scientific names of animals or body parts? Search the table of Greek & Latin roots for clues.


(see also textbook reading assignments and cladogram of animal phyla)

medusa.jpg, 5K
Mon 10  Introduction: Why study invertebrates? (course preliminaries, outline)
Wed 12  Diversity, phylogeny, classification (outline)
      (Metazoa cladogram)
Fri 14  Key characters defining the Tree of Life (outline)
Mon 17  Kingdom Protista (outline 1, outline 2)
      (Protista cladogram, study images, huge collection of web images)
Wed 19  Origin of Metazoa; Porifera (I): Introduction (outline)
Fri 21  Porifera (II): Function and diversity (outline)
      (Porifera cladogram & study images)
Mon 24  Cnidaria (I): Introduction, tissues, cell types (outline)
Wed 26  Cnidaria (II): Diversity- Hydrozoa, Scyphozoa (outline)
      (Cnidaria cladogram & study images)
Fri 28  Cnidaria (III): Diversity- Anthozoa (outline); Ctenophora (outline)
      (Ctenophora cladogram & study images)
Mon 31  Bilateria: General characteristics (outline)
      (some amusing perspectives on symmetry)

polyclad.jpg, 4K
Wed 2  Protostomia and Deuterostomia (outline)
      (Metazoa cladogram)
Fri 4  Platyhelminthes (I): Introduction, Turbellaria (outline)
      (Platyhelminthes cladogram & study images)
Mon 7  Platyhelminthes (II): Parasitic taxa (outline), Nemertea (outline)
      (Platyhelminthes cladogram & study images)
Wed 9  Aschelminthes (I): Overview and minor phyla (outline)
      (Aschelminthes cladogram & study images)
Fri 11  Aschelminthes (II): Diversity- Nematoda, Rotifera (outline)
      (Aschelminthes study images)
Mon 14  Mollusca (I): Introduction & overview (outline)
      (Mollusca cladogram)
murex.jpg, 4K
Wed 16  Mollusca (II): Diversity- Minor classes (outline)
      (mollusc diversity study images)
      (view sample questions here)
      (Optional field trip to the Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre)
Mon 28  Mollusca (III): Diversity- Gastropoda (outline)
      (Bivalvia study images)
      (Read Garstang's memorable poem: How the gastropod got it's twist)

Tomopteris.jpg, 9K
Wed 2  Mollusca (IV): Diversity- Bivalvia, Scaphopoda (outline)
      (Cephalopoda study images)
Fri 4  Mollusca (V): Diversity- Cephalopoda (outline)
 Sipuncula (outline)
      (Sipuncula cladogram & study image)
Mon 7  Metamerism; Annelida (I)- Polychaeta (outline)
      (Annelida cladogram & study images)
      (Try out the Rhyming key to polychaete families)
Wed 9  Annelida (II): Oligochaeta (outline)
Fri 11  Annelida (III): Hirudinea (outline)
Mon 14  More Worms: Echiura, Pogonophora (outline)
      (Echiura & Pogonophora cladogram & study images)
Wed 16  Arthropod (I): Origins, Onychophora, Tardigrada (outline)
      (Onychophora cladogram & study image)
grapsus.jpg, 5K
Fri 18  Arthropoda (II): Overview, exoskeleton and molting (outline)
      (Arthropoda cladogram)
Sat 19  Optional day-trip to the Tyrrell Museum to view the Burgess Shale exhibit
      and other fossil invertebrates.
Mon 21  Arthropoda (III): Limbs and muscles (outline)
Wed 23  Arthropoda (IV): Eyes, respiration and coeloms (outline)
Fri 25  (no classes; Good Friday)
Mon 28  (no classes; Easter Monday)
Wed 30  Arthropoda (V): Diversity, Overview and Crustacea (outline, outline)
      (Crustacea cladogram & study images)

Linckia.jpg, 12K
Fri 1  Arthropod (VI): Other subphyla (outline)
      (Arthropoda & Pterygota cladograms, other arthropod study images)
Mon 4  Deuterostomia; Echinodermata (I): Overview, body plans (outline)
      (Echinoderm cladogram) & study images)
Wed 6  Echinodermata (II): Skeleton, water-vascular system (outline)
      (Echinoderm cladogram & study images)
Fri 8  Echinodermata (III): Feeding, locomotion, development (outline)
      (Echinoderm cladogram & study images)
enteropneust.jpg, 4K
Mon 11  Lophophorates & Deuterostome relations (outline)
      (Deuterostome cladogram, lophophorate study images)
Wed 13  Hemichordata (outline)
      (Deuterostome cladogram, hemichordate study image)
 Invertebrate chordates (outline)
      (Chordate cladogram & study image)
Fri 15  Retrospective: The Tree of Life (outline)