Identification Atlas of the Vespidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata) of the northeastern Nearctic region
Matthias Buck, Stephen A. Marshall, and David K.B. Cheung
Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
The 22 species in this genus occur naturally in the Palaearctic, Oriental and northeastern Afrotropical regions (Carpenter and Kojima 1997, Nguyen et al. 2006). Three species have been accidentally introduced to the New World: the Palaearctic Vespa crabro to the eastern Nearctic, the eastern Palaearctic V. simillima Smith to British Columbia, and the Oriental V. orientalis Linnaeus to Cozumel I., Quintana Roo, Mexico (Carpenter and Kojima 1997, Dvořák 2006).
Reference. – Archer, 1989 (key to World species).
Only northeastern Nearctic species: Vespa crabro L.